Croatia occupies the largest part of the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea which, as a part of the Mediterranean Sea, penetrates deepest into European soil. Croatia’s shoreline and numerous islands enjoy the majority of the Adriatic coastline. The narrow Dinara Mountain Range separates the country’s Mediterranean region from its central European continental part, which spans from the easterly edges of the Alps in the North-West to the shores of the Danube in the East, encompassing the southern part of the fertile Pannonian lowlands.
Croatia can be classified as a Pannonian-Adriatic country due to its south-eastern European and Mediterranean position.The surface area of Croatia totals 15178.92 ft, which is made up of 42446.61 ft of the mainland (65%) and a coastline – both internal and territorial seas – of 18635.84 ft (35%).
The majority of Croatian mountains belong to the Dinaric Alps (which extend from the border of Slovenia to Montenegro). The Dinaric mountain range in Croatia is famous worldwide for being a classical example of deep karst. Although there are mountains in Croatia, it is the only country in the South-Eastern Europe without a peak above 6561 ft.
The Croatian coast is located between the Dinaric Alps to the east and the Adriatic Sea to the west and has 1,100 miles (1,800 km) of coastline. One of the striking characteristics of the Croatian coast is that it has a total of 1,244 islands, islets, rocks and reefs.
Croatia has 4 290 612 inhabitants
The majority of the population are Croats, with the largest minorities being Serbs, Bosnians, Slovenes, Hungarians, Czechs, Italians and Albanians.
System of government
Croatia is a multi-party parliamentary republic.
With 792,875 inhabitants, Zagreb is the economic, transport, cultural and academic center of the country.
The official currency in Croatia is the kuna (1 kuna = 100 lipa). 1 USD is equal to aprox. 6.5KN. Foreign currency can be exchanged in the banks, exchange offices, post offices and in the majority of tourist information offices, hotels and campsites.
Credit cards (Eurocard / Mastercard, Visa, American Express and Diners) are accepted in almost all hotels, marinas, restaurants, shops and cash machines.
220 V, frequency: 50 Hz
Tap Water is safe to drink in all of Croatia.
Croatia Food And Wine
The northern and southern areas of the Adriatic are characterized by differences in taste and preparation of more Mediterranean foods. The tradition of grilling and roasting fish and delicacies of the sea has been carried down by generations. In the north of Croatia however, Austro-Hungarian culinary influences are more evident. Croatia is also renowned for its good wines, produced both in the continental and coastal regions of the country.
In the coastal regions of Croatia the cuisine has a rather Mediterranean flavor, with lots of olive oil used in the preparation. However, Croatian cuisine does have its own distinct identity, especially in regards to the cooking of fish. The tradition of grilling and roasting fish and delicacies of the sea has been carried down from generation to generation, where the taste of the fish depends on the grilling technique and the type of wood chosen. All along the coast and the isles, the fish menus are unrivaled – even the humble sardine will never taste quite so delicious. Many Croatian fish restaurants have their own fishing boats, so visitors can be assured of the freshness of the fish.
Grilled pork and roasted lamb are common Croatian dishes, as is beef, which is often cooked in a delicious tomato sauce. Regional differences in Croatian cuisine are quite evident and in the north of Croatia Austro-Hungarian culinary influences are strongest – one finds meats cooked in bread crumbs and goulashes served with stuffed cabbage. The dish called sarma, consisting of minced meat, rice, onion and spices rolled in cabbage leaf, is a popular dish which is also common to many countries in the region that were under Ottoman influence. In the region around Zagreb, are the specialty is štrukli (thin sheets of cheese cooked in water). In Slavonia, the specialty is kobasice (pork sausages) as well as kulen, which is similar to salami.
Paški sir, a hard cheese from the isle of Pag, is an excellent cheese and one of the most reputed in Croatia. The traditional Croatian fresh cheese (svježi sir) is also very popular, often sold at markets in plastic sacs and usually eaten as an accompaniment to a salad, with salt and pepper.
Croatian slastiarne (pâtisseriesor sweet shops) offer a range of sweet foods with many different influences: cream cakes of Austrian inspiration, nut cakes of Eastern influence, kremšnite (vanilla and custard cream cakes), rožata egg cakes, savijae strudels, cream cakes or rich Dalmatian tarts.
The cultivation of grapevines and the production of wine has been a Croatian tradition for centuries, both in the continental and coastal part of Croatia.
The most renowned wines from the Croatian coast and islands include red wines such as Teran, Merlot, Kabernet, Opolo, Plavac, Dinga and Postup, or white wines such as Malvazija, Pošip, Pinot, Kujundžuša, Žlahtina and Muškat.
From the continental of Croatia, white wines such as the Rizling, Graševina, Burgundac and Traminac wines are the most renowned.
Brandies (rakije) are the most famous Croatian spirits and among the wide range of brandies available the following can be highlighted: šljivovica (plum brandy), travarica (herb brandy) and lozova (grape brandy).