Thailand is located in the center of South East Asia. The South China Sea is on one side, the Andaman Sea and the Indian Ocean are to the Western side. Thailand covers a total area of approximately 513,000 square kilometers (198,000 square miles) and is the 50th largest country in the world and the 12th largest in Asia!
Thailand shares borders with Burma to the West North-West, Laos to the North and East, Cambodia to the South-East and Malaysia to the South. The geography of Thailand, varies between the four regions, which are, North, North East, Central and South. Northern areas consist of forested mountains and fertile valleys.
The North is the country’s highlands. Vast mountain ranges dominate the landscape and are the source of many rivers. Doi Inthanon, Thailand’s tallest peak, is famous among tourists during the cool season for the Mae Kha Ning (frost flower) phenomenon as well as a sea of fog, nature trails, waterfalls, and botanical scenes.
The Northeast features some of the beautiful northern highlands but also gorgeous plateaus. Hom Mali Rice (Thai Jasmine Rice) is grown here and exported all over the world. The Mekong River is a very prominent river that runs through the area. Popular places along the Mekong River include Amphoe Chiang Khan of Loei Province, Tha Sadet Market in Nong Khai Province, Indochina Market in Mukdahan Province, and Sam Pan Bok Grand Canyon in Ubon Ratchathani Province.
Central Thailand is mainly plains and is a huge area of rice farming and agriculture. The Chao Phraya River is very important to Thailand’s history. Interesting places to visit are ancient historical temples, Bang Pa-in Royal Palace and Bang Sai Royal Folk Arts and Crafts Center in Ayutthaya Province, and Koh Kret in Nonthaburi Province. And if you like shopping, there are plenty of local markets in Bangkok for you to explore such as Wang Lang Market, Tha Phra Chan Market, Saphan Phut (Memorial Bridge) Night Market, and Asiatique Night Market. There are also Chao Phraya boat tours from Bangkok to Ayutthaya every day.
The South contains many beautiful beaches and islands in the Gulf of Thailand and the Andaman Sea. Well-known tourist destinations are Phuket Province, Koh Samui, Koh Phi Phi, Koh Lipe, and Koh Tao.
Eastern Thailand is half mountain, half ocean. Although there aren’t many provinces here, it still has a lot of amazing sights and stunning locations to visit just like the rest of Thailand such as Koh Samed, Koh Chang, Koh Mak, Koh Lan, Koh Si Chang, Bang Saen Beach, Pattaya, Jomtien Beach, Laem Mae Phim Beach, and Mae Ram Phueng Beach.
The West is mountainous with many woodlands, waterfalls, and dams, which is why there are a number of national parks in the area. Due to its geographical variation, there is a lot of incredible Thai nature to see in this western region. Tourist attractions include Thong Pha Phum National Park, Srinakharin Dam, Vajiralongkorn Dam, Sai Yok Noi Waterfall, Sai Yok Yai Waterfall, Erawan Waterfall, Mon Bridge, Mueang Sing Historical Park, Three Pagodas Pass, Wat Wang Wiwekaram, Underwater City, The Bridge of the River Kwai, Kanchanaburi War Cemetery, and World War II Museum and Art Gallery.
Thailand has three seasons: wet, cool, and hot. Depending on where and when you travel Thailand, it is always good to check the weather before visiting as some areas are better in certain seasons.
Activities in Thailand
There are a lot of activities in Thailand for you to join in with, many attractions to see, sports to watch or even participate in, and plenty of amazing nature and wildlife to experience.
If you like a challenge and aren’t afraid of heights, you can’t miss out on a paramotor trip. Or if you prefer a calmer and more comfortable thrilling experience, try a hot air balloon tour and soak in the magnificent view. Exciting adventures like ziplining, mountain climbing, and bungee jumping are offered here in Thailand as well!
There are also a variety of water activities such as river and white water rafting, scuba diving, and snorkeling to see some of the world’s top-ranked amazing underwater vistas. You can go sailing, and while on the boat, how about trying to fish for some delicious squid? Or perhaps you can just have fun at one of many water parks around Thailand.
Back on shore, you can sunbathe on Thailand’s beaches while reading or listening to local music, or spend time with Thailand’s elephants, riding them, bathing them, and watching them play. There are many zoos and aquariums all over Thailand for animal lovers, while plant lovers can choose to visit rice farms and participate in agriculture activities in every province. If you are adventurous, there are so many things to do in Thailand.
If you want to find activities in Thailand, you can take a look at this website and search for interesting things to do. It is also a good idea to ask your hotel for information about local activities as they are sure to have many brochures and will be happy to take care of everything for you.
Destinations to Visit & Things to Do
- Thailand – Bangkok Travel Guide
- Thailand – Chiang Mai Travel Guide
- Thailand – Chiang Rai Travel Guide
- Thailand – Hua Hin Travel Guide
- Thailand – Koh Chang Travel Guide
- Thailand – Koh Lanta Travel Guide
- Thailand – Koh Samui Travel Guide
- Thailand – Phuket Travel Guide
- Hotels in Thailand
- Things to do in Thailand
- Sightseeing Tours & Attractions
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